Many people believe that bipolar disorder is nothing other than a few mood swings but, there is so much more than that. This can be life-threatening. Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric illness characterised by sudden, extreme and dramatic mood swings. The term bipolar denotes two opposite poles: Depression (a feeling of persistent sadness, guilt, hopelessness and lack of energy), Mania (having a lot of energy, agitated and jumpy feeling or irritable and prone to anger).
Symptoms can affect your daily life severely. Spotting the signs at the right time can help a person to get bipolar disorder treatment.
Here are the 10 signs of bipolar disorder one should never ignore:
- Early signs: Early signs may include:
- Sudden changes in the behaviour
- A temporary stress
- A prolong medical condition that can lead to stress and depression
- A mental health condition
- Depression: A feeling of sadness, loss of interest in daily activities, having little energy are the symptoms all of us are familiar with. But if they persist and affect our life constantly, it may be depression or a sign of bipolar disorder. Other signs may include:
- Feeling upset or tearful
- Forgetting things
- Lack of concentration and motivation
- Sleeping too much or not sleeping enough
- Thinking of death or suicide
- Mania: Less severe mania is like taking an energy drink. You may think more creatively and you become more of a risk taker. People with mania not just feel happy, they feel euphoric. Symptoms may include:
- A lot of energy
- A feeling of overconfidence
- Thoughts quickly jumping around
- An inflated sense of self-importance
- Making lots of unrealistic and ambitious plans
- Sudden anger and aggression because of small things.
- Hypomania: Mania with less severe symptoms is called hypomania. Symptoms are similar to mania but comparatively less extreme. People with hypomania can function well in their daily life but the prolongation in the condition can still be disruptive. It is important to address the symptoms of hypomania to avoid further progression into a more severe form. Some of the normal behavioural changes include:
- Being more energetic than usual
- Talking faster than usual
- Spending too much money
- Increased willingness to take risks
- Psychosis: Severe episodes of mania and depression leads to Psychosis. A person’s thought and perceptions are disturbed during this period. Symptoms are:
- Delusions (False belief)
- Hallucinations (hearing or seeing the things which others do not hear or see).
- A sudden response or behaviour that is inappropriate for the situation.
- Having difficulty communicating
- Rapid cycling: Frequent episodes of depression, mania and hypomania are termed as rapid cycling. This symptom occurs more in women than in men.
- Mixed states: When the person experience all the symptoms at the same time, it is called a mixed state bipolar disorder. People having all the signs may experience a highly confusing emotional state. They may fail to find what is happening. This state may also pose a greater risk of suicide attempts.
- Signs of bipolar disorder in women: The symptoms of bipolar disorder often differs in men and women. Symptoms that are more common in women are as follows:
- Seasonal pattern of mood disturbance
- Mixed signs
- Rapid cycling
- Depressive symptoms (more depressive than men)
- A high risk of symptoms occur after giving birth or after menopause
- Signs in children and teenagers: Bipolar disorder is less common in children and teenagers. The less typical symptoms in children include:
- Temper tantrums
- Being physically aggressive
- Not sleeping enough
Teenage symptoms include:
- Taking physical risks
- Substance abuse
- Signs in men: Mental conditions are not gendered specific. Gender only play a role in how the disorder exists in the individual. Symptoms are almost similar as in women such as excessive sleeping or insomnia, changes in eating behaviour, inability to concentrate etc. Men have larger rates of attempting suicide than women.
The symptoms of bipolar disorder can be managed. Don’t hesitate to take steps towards a healthy mental condition. Find the best treatment for your bipolar disorder at the best neuropsychiatry clinic in Gurgaon. It is headed by Dr. Anil Yadav, a renowned psychiatrist dedicated to providing mental peace and stability.