Individuals affected with Bipolar Disorder have periods where they tend to feel excessive happiness and other periods of excessive sadness or hopelessness. But in between these periods of highs and lows, everything happens to be normal. The sessions of high and low are considered to be the two poles, hence the name of the disease bipolar disorder. To tell if someone is bipolar, it is essential to keep a close watch on the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder.
1. What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that is connected with episodes or periods of mood swings that range from maniac highs to depressive lows. It is a mental disease that is marked by alternating periods of elation and depression, but the in-between period is normal. Most importantly, each of the affected individuals with bipolar disorder has unique personal experiences. It is also referred to as Manic Depression which is a mental illness that is characterized by severe mood swings between highs and lows along with changes in energy level, sleep, behavior, and thinking. During the periods of high, the individual might feel excessively energized, happy, or overjoyed but during the low periods, the individual feels completely down with excessive sadness, sluggishness, or hopelessness. In this regard, it becomes extremely important to appropriately identify the symptoms of bipolar depression and seek professional help to keep situations under control.
2. What Causes Bipolar Disorder?
Once you have an idea about the disorder, it becomes very important to know what causes bipolar disorder. But unfortunately, the exact cause of the bipolar disorder is not known but different pieces of research have revealed that it occurs as a combination of genetics, altered structure of brain & chemistry, and environment. Let us delve a bit deeper into the causes of the disorder to have a better understanding.
Genetics – Genetics is one of the major causes of bipolar disorder. Heredity plays a significant role in causing bipolar disorder since the affected genes might be passed onto the kids from their parents. Research is still going on to find the precise genes responsible for causing the disorder.
Altered Brain Structure and Chemistry –Biological differences in the brain can cause bipolar disorder. The affected individuals appear to have physical alterations in their brains. The significance of these alterations in the structure of the brain and chemistry is still uncertain but it is said to have been the causative factor for the disorder.
Environmental Factors –Periods of a high amount of stress like any traumatic events, death of a loved one, or similar others might cause bipolar disorder.
Other Risk Factors –There are certain more risk factors that can increase the chance of the disease. Drug or alcohol abuse, extreme mental stress, severe depression, etc. might increase the risk of the disease.
3. Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
It is extremely important to keep a close eye on the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder. Usually, the signs of bipolar disorder are of two types. One set of signs of bipolar disorder occurs during the periods of high and the other during the low. Let us have a look at these symptoms differently for a better understanding.
Symptoms of Highs
- Extreme happiness, excitement, hopefulness
- Withdrawal from friends
- Enhanced energy level with low requirement for sleep
- Inability to concentrate
- Rapid speech
- Poor judgment
- High sense of well-being and self-confidence
- Very easily distracted
- Increased sexual desire
- Less need for sleep
Symptoms of Lows
- Feeling of sadness without any reason
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- A feeling of worthlessness and hopelessness
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Changes in appetite
- Suicidal thoughts and tendencies
- Trouble falling asleep,Lack of sleep/excessive sleepiness
In addition to the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder mentioned above, there can be several other symptoms since the experience is uniquely personal in each of the individuals. It is always recommended to closely monitor the affected individual and report to a healthcare expert immediately without wasting any time.
4. Treatment of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar treatment from an expert is always recommended to keep things under control and help the affected individuals lead a normal life. Since the requirement of the type of treatment of bipolar disorder tends to differ from one person to another, the doctor usually used a combination of methods to chalk out the right action plan. To make it easier for individuals to understand, here we have listed the common treatment options for bipolar disorder.
Medication – The use of medicines happens to be the major treatment for bipolar disorder. The doctor makes use of mood stabilizers, antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, anti-anxiety medicines, and similar others to keep the symptoms under control. The doctors usually take some time to select the right combination of medicines to get the best results.
Therapy – Therapy is another vital component of treating this disorder. It is also referred to as Psychotherapy or talks therapy. It includes different types of therapy including Interpersonal & Social Rhythm therapy, Cognitive Behavioral therapy, Family-focused therapy, and Psychoeducation.
Lifestyle Changes – Many times, the doctors also suggest some modifications in the lifestyle of the affected individuals as a form of treatment of bipolar disorder. Lifestyle changes include regular exercising, learning to manage stress, refraining from drinking alcohol, socializing, and a number of others depending on the requirement of the affected individuals.
Other Treatment Options – Depending on the condition and needs of the affected individual, the doctors might also use Electroconvulsive therapy or ECT, Acupuncture, and use of different supplements to treat the disorder.
How Dr. Anil Yadav Helps?
Dr. Anil Yadav is one of the most trusted and renowned psychiatrists who offers the best bipolar treatment to ensure a hundred percent satisfaction among the patients. The doctor first aims to identify the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder to come up with the most effective plan of treatment. In addition to this, the doctor makes family members of the affected individuals understand what causes bipolar disorder and are the risk factors associated with the same. Dr. Anil Yadav has several years of experience in this field with innumerable successful cases to his name, thereby assuring every individual of the best treatment of bipolar disorder. If you feel someone has bipolar disorder, then do not waste any more time and book an appointment with Dr. Anil Yadav at the earliest in order to get the best possible solution.